Custody In Paternity Cases Can Be Mediated
In parentage or paternity cases, a determination of to who the legal parents of the child is necessary are where the parents were not married to each other. Paternity needs to be determined legally in cases where the parents are not married. Same-sex parents need to take legal advice regarding parentage because parenting laws have not been stated too clearly for people from the LGBT community.
For unmarried or same-sex parents, legal parentage of their child needs to be declared. It is only then that the court will decide on child support, child custody and visitation rights. Once a person has legal parentage, he or she will not have any problems in requesting for custody or other rights related to the child.
Unmarried parents, in case of a separation, will also be responsible to pay child support and half of uninsured healthcare costs if the other parent wins child custody. Failure to provide financial support for your child, when directed by the court, will be considered a criminal offense.
The state of California has laws where there are two ways of establishing parentage when the parents of the child are unmarried.
- By signing a voluntary Declaration of Paternity – It is a form approved by the California government that, when signed voluntarily by both parents, declares them to be the legal parents of the child. The Declaration, once signed, it has to be filed with the Paternity Opportunity Program (POP) in the California Department of Child Support Services for it to be effective.
- By getting a court order – It is very similar to the ‘Declaration of Paternity’ but for this you need to go to the court and follow all the legal procedures. It also officially establishes and legalizes the paternity of the unmarried parents to their child.
Reasons for establishing parentage
A legally established parentage allows the child to enjoy the same rights and privileges as the children of married parents. These include financial as well as social benefits.
- Financial support from parents
- Health and life insurance coverage
- Legal documentation identifying both parents
- A valid birth certificate with names of both legal parents
- Right to inherit from both parents
- Right to receive social security
To learn more about establishing custody in California and how mediation can help, please visit our page, What is Divorce Mediation.